The gastrointestinal tract of dogs and cats looks different to that of herbivores such as horses or cows. It has a fairly simple shape and is relatively short, making it a lot easier to digest meat effectively. The biggest difference between the digestive tract of carnivores, such as dogs and cats, and herbivores, like horses and cows, is the appendix. In dogs and cats, the appendix is just a small appendage between the small and large intestines that plays no role in digestion. In horses, the appendix is relatively long and functions as a fermentation chamber. Here, a host of bacteria convert crushed leaves and grass into a nutrient-rich mush.
Constipation in pets, such as dogs and cats, can have many causes.
The primary cause is related to diet and environmental factors. Just as for humans, fibre is an important dietary component. This ensures regular bowel movements in dogs and cats.
A second important factor is water. It is essential to the regular functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, meaning that dogs or cats who are dehydrated are more likely to develop constipation. A lack of exercise or lack of access to a cat litter tray can also lead to a pet getting constipated.
In terms of nutritional therapy, a probiotic can be successfully used to treat constipation. It supports the digestion and can re-stimulate peristalsis.
In pets, a distinction is made between acute cases of diarrhoea, most of which last for between 24 and 48 hours, and chronic diarrhoea, which persists for longer than seven days. Acute diarrhoea in dogs and cats rarely contains mucus, but the animal can appear lethargic and lose its appetite. Very young or very old animals should be taken to a vet immediately, as these animal can very quickly become dehydrated.
In dogs and cats with chronic diarrhoea, blood or mucus may be present in the faeces. In this instance, it is essential to seek the advice of a vet, who can correctly diagnose the cause of the intestinal inflammation.
Diarrhoea is a symptom and it can arise due to a variety causes:
As a preventative measure and helpful treatment, the dog or cat's gut flora can be strengthened. Intestinal bacteria also support the immune system and regulate digestion. We recommend the product vetvisan TIERPROBIOTIKUM.
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